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## Adjacency matrix

### Set

$n\in\mathbb N$ |

$ A \in \mathrm{it}(n) $ |

$ A \in \mathrm{SquareMatrix}(n,\mathbb N) $ |

### Discussion

If the indices $i,j$ label two vertices of a finite undirected graph, then the value $A_{ij}$ determines the number of edges joining them.

#### Theorems

The number $(A^n)_{ij}$ is the number of paths from $v_i$ to $v_j$. And so, for example, $\frac{1}{2}\frac{1}{3}\mathrm{tr}\,A^3$ is the number of triangles in the graph.